The first 2,000 days of life, i.e. the period up to the age of five, are considered crucial for the physical development and health of any child. Various studies have shown that the experiences a child goes through during this period have an impact that lasts for years. All the experts BBC News spoke to emphasized the importance of a baby’s diet, especially during this period.

Monica Moore Matters Husson, a member of the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics, says that in the first few years of life, millions of new neural connections are being formed every second, and a healthy diet is essential for this. At the same time, good nutrition is important for a child’s physical growth and weight. Based on interviews with medical experts and nutritionists, we can tell you what a child should and should not be fed on a daily basis.

Mother’s milk:

Doctors say that the baby should be breastfed until the age of six months. According to Pediatrician JOSE N LELIO CAO BENNATO of Albert Einstein Hospital, mother’s milk is enough for the baby, not water or anything else. Mother’s milk is a food that contains all the ingredients that have the ability to protect the baby from many diseases Such as diarrhea or dysentery, respiratory disease, and allergies. Breast milk also reduces the risk of developing conditions such as asthma, type 2 diabetes, or obesity in the baby.

Experts say that to ensure that the mother’s milk is full of nutrients, such women should also take special care of their diet. Jose Blue Cavinato says that the mother should take a good diet. For example, we recommend that one egg a day and fish once a week should be taken to ensure the supply of nutrients needed for the child’s mental development.

Doctors say to avoid this based food on ultra and if necessary take vitamin D, omega and iron supplements. We know that these supplements are expensive and not available to everyone, so it is important that breastfeeding women include as many foods as possible. If milk cannot be found, far mola milk can be given.

THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION recommends that the mother’s milk should be fed for two years, while the child should be given another food for the first time at the age of six months. The baby should be given porridge and porridge along with breast milk once a day for six months and twice a day in the seventh and eighth months. In nine months, the baby should be gradually given other foods. This food should include starch, protein, vegetables, and pulses, but it should not contain salt.

Healthy food:

Experts say that special care should be taken that whatever food is being given to the child includes different quality ingredients. To do this, it is recommended to divide the foods into different groups. José in Blue Cava Benato says that under the healthy plate scheme, one should plan the two meals of the day, lunch and dinner, which can be useful not only for the child but for the whole life.

Stephanie Amaral, the health officer of UNICEF in Brazil also agrees with this. She says that parents should also take care of where the food is coming from. It is important to eat a healthy diet free of processed and industrialized foods that contain minimal amounts of sweeteners and other chemical ingredients.

What is very important to include in the diet of children and adults are the minerals, which should be at least 50% of the plate. Children from 5 years of age should be given Subneri three times a day. Green leafy vegetables are a good source of fiber, vitamins, as well as minerals like folic acid and iron, says Jose in Blue Cow Benito. Iron is very important for a child’s brain development. Its deficiency is common worldwide, a form of iron deficiency anemia, and affects a child’s sensory and motor development.

Folic acid is important for the nervous system and its deficiency is often characterized by changes that are impossible to treat. The lack of fiber also manifests itself in the form of many diseases, including constipation, allergies, and reduced immunity. Experts believe that children who do not get the required amount of vitamin C daily, suffer from skin diseases, lack of iron in the blood, tooth loss, backbones, and injuries that heal and become impure.

JOSE N. LEO CONATO says that vitamin A deficiency can cause poor vision or blindness in children under the age of five. Among other things, carrots and cucumbers are good sources of vitamin A, while the eggplant is full of important nutrients like calcium, magnesium, potassium, and vitamin B5. Broccoli Vitamin K, Vitamin C, and more In addition to vitamin A, the team provides potassium.

Serial:

Rice, wheat, flour, bread, potatoes, barley, corn, and coir are foods that should make up 25 percent of a child’s plate. Minato of Jose N. Leo says that this group is a healthy source of carbohydrates and vitamins, as well as fats that give the body energy. A lack of carbohydrates shows up in a bad mood. But on the other hand, their quantity can lead to obesity, diabetes, and heart diseases. Experts say that 50 to 60 percent of the calories given to the child should contain carbohydrates.

Meat and eggs:

A child’s second meal of the day must include meat or eggs and it should be one-eighth of the plate. According to SBP, children aged one to three should eat at least two servings of meat or eggs a day, and four to five-year-olds should The recommended dose for children is one serving per day. BBC News spoke to the experts who said that the meat can be chicken, beef, or fish. According to them, it is an important source of iron. Animal protein also provides vitamin B12, which is very important for children’s immune systems. Its deficiency can affect the physical development of the child.

JOSE N. LEO CONATO says that fish meat provides DHA or omega-3 fatty acids, which are very important for the nervous system. In addition to the human nervous system, this acid also plays an important role in the development of the eye membrane and protects against diseases like obesity and blood pressure. They say that there is enough protein in eggs, but should not be used as the sole source of protein.

Lentils:

The rest of the child’s food plate is completed by those, according to experts should be an eighth part of the plate. This group includes beans, pulses, chickpeas, and soybeans, which are rich in vitamins and iron, zinc, Meg Ganesh Team, etc. There are important minerals. The deficiency of the Meg Ganesh team manifests as fatigue, while zinc deficiency can cause loss of appetite, decreased sense of smell and taste, and decreased immunity.

Vegetable oil:

Vegetable oil should not be used in the preparation of baby food. Commonly used oils include olive oil, canola oil, sunflower oil, corn oil, and coconut oil. According to SBP experts, each oil contains different types of ingredients. According to them, olive oil contains Omega-3, while soybean, canola, and sunflower oil also contain omega-3.

fruit:

Fruits are also important for children who want to eat them as a dessert after meals. Children between the ages of one and five should have three servings of fruit per day. Crushed juice can also be given to children, but according to Ghazaite experts, it is not a substitute for water or milk. Experts say that the baby should be crushed according to the local weather, taking into account the presence of fiber. “Fruits are often the only source of vitamin C, and they also provide fiber,” says   JOSE N. LEO CONATO.

Dairy products:

After the age of one year, the baby can also be given milk products which should be given as three servings on a daily basis till the age of five years. Milk, cheese, and curd provide calcium which is essential for bone and muscle growth. Calcium deficiency can cause dental problems and if left untreated, the damage can be permanent. Foods that contain calcium such as sauerkraut, soy milk, or pulses are recommended.

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